Brief History of the Japan Pharmaceutical Association


1874: The Meiji Government enacted and promulgated the law governing the medical care system and gave the right of dispensing drugs to drugstore owners (later pharmacists). 
1889: The Government established the rules for drug business and handling of drugs to regulate the name and function of pharmacists. 
1893: The Japan Pharmaceutical Association (Nippon Yakuzaishi Kai) was organized to form a unified national organization. 
1909: The Japan Pharmaceutical Association obtained approval from the Government to become a corporate juridical person (public corporation). 
1925: The Government enacted and promulgated the Pharmacists Law governing the social status of pharmacists. 
1926: The Ordinance for the Japan Pharmaceutical Association was enacted and promulgated. According to the Ordinance, prefectural pharmaceutical associations (public juridical persons) in which the membership was compulsory were formed, and the Japan Pharmaceutical Association (public juridical person) was organized by the members of the prefectural pharmaceutical associations. 
1943: A new Pharmaceutical Affairs Law was established, into which the Pharmacists Law was integrated. According to the stipulations of the new law, the Japan Pharmaceutical Association became one of the government bodies and the president of the Japan Pharmaceutical Association was appointed by the Cabinet and other officials of the Japan Pharmaceutical Association as well as the officials of the local pharmaceutical associations were designated by the Minister of Health and Welfare or one of the prefectural governor. 
1948: After the end of World War II , a new Pharmaceutical Affairs Law was enacted and promulgated. The Japan Pharmaceutical Association was merged with the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan and was reorganized as a corporate juridical person. At the same time, the Japan Pharmaceutical Association (Nippon Yakuzaishi Kai) was renamed "The Japan Pharmaceutical Association" (Nippon Yakuzaishi Kyokai) in which the membership was voluntary. 
1949:  The American Pharmaceutical Association Mission visited Japan and recommended that the system of the separation of dispensing and prescribing drugs should be put into operation by means of legislation and education. 
1956: On this recommendation, the system of separation of dispensing and prescribing drugs was legally established. However, since there were many exceptions to the law, the system did not plant its roots deeply in Japanese soil. 
1960: A new Pharmaceutical Affairs Law and a new Pharmacists Law were enacted and promulgated. 
1961: Universal coverage under a public medical care insurance system was achieved. 
1962: The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan was separated from the Japan Pharmaceutical Association (corporate juridical person). At this time, the English name of the Japan Pharmaceutical Association remained the same but its Japanese name was changed from the Nippon Yakuzaishi Kyokai to the Nippon Yakuzaishi Kai. 
1966: The 1st Asian Congress of Pharmaceutical Sciences of FAPA was held in Tokyo.
1968: The 75th anniversary of the Japan Pharmaceutical Association was celebrated in the presence of His Majesty the Emperor. 
1973: The 80th anniversary of the Japan Pharmaceutical Association was celebrated. 
1974: The Japan Medical Association published its policy that it would take a forward-looking attitude to enforce the separation of dispensing and prescribing drugs in five years. The Diet and the Administration expressed their approval for the policy of the Japan Medical Association and initial steps have been taken toward realization of long awaited the separation of dispensing and prescribing drugs. 
1976: A plan for the 3-year continuing education for pharmacists was laid down. The plan was brought into effect in March. 

1979: Pharmaceutical Affairs Law was enacted for the purpose of securing safety and efficacy of medicines. This was followed by the establishments of the Adverse Drug Reaction Sufferings Relief Fund Law caused with an aim to relieve the people suffering from adverse reactions of medicines. 
1980: The 8th Asian Congress of Pharmaceutical Sciences of FAPA was held on 25-29 August in Kyoto. 
1983: The 90th anniversary of the Japan Pharmaceutical Association was celebrated. 
1985: Amendments to the Medical Service Law, including provision on the role of pharmacies in the local medical service, were made. 
1989: The Japan pharmacists Education Center was established. The head office for promotional measures for the separation of dispensing and prescribing drugs was established within the Japan Pharmaceutical Association to strengthen the organization for promoting such measures and to ensure their quick and precise implementation. 
1990: The Kijun Yakkyoku (Pharmacy accredited by the Pharmaceutical Association) system was established by the Japan Pharmaceutical Association with the approval of prefectural pharmaceutical associations. 
1991: Renovation of the former Yakugaku Kaikan Building was completed and it was renamed the Nagai House of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan. The Japan Pharmaceutical Association established its offices on the 4th floor. 
1992: The Medical Care Law was partially amended, the basic ideas of medical care were clarified, and medical care organizations were systematized. Pharmacists were clearly mentioned in the phrase" physicians, dentists, pharmacists and nurses" as persons who shoulder the responsibility of medical care, and the responsibility of pharmacists became heavier. 
1993: A ceremony commemorating the centennial anniversary of the establishment of the Japan Pharmaceutical Association was held at the Imperial Hotel, in Tokyo, and the 53rd International Congress of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences was held at the Keio Plaza Hotel, in Tokyo, with about 2,600 participants from 66 countries gathered in one hall. The Good Pharmacy Practice [GPP]) Tokyo Declaration was adopted at the Council Meeting. 
1994: The head office for pharmacist training improvement promotional measures was established within the Japan Pharmaceutical Association to work regularly on the problem of pharmacist education and training. 

1995: The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake occurred before dawn on January 17 ; more than 6,000 people were killed. The Japan Pharmaceutical Association provided "manpower" aid, for example by supporting the volunteer activities of pharmacists, and material aid such as providing monetary contributions. 
1997: The board of managers of the head office for promotional measures for the separation of dispensing and prescribing drugs in this association completed a final report entitled, "Grand Design for Pharmacy-Future Vision and Action Guidelines to the beginning of the 2lst century. " The Code of Ethics for Pharmacists was fully revised.